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英语知识点,精品资料

2020-08-21 23:33:18 关键词: 知识点 英语 精品

 英语知识点大全,精品资料 Unit 3. I ’ m more outgoing than my sister.

 一. 形容词(adj. )和副词(adv. )的比较级、最高级

  大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:

 1)原级(不作比较),修饰词 very, so, too, pretty, really; 2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词 than , A or B, of the two, 修饰词 much, a lot, a little; Eg. Sam is taller than John.

 Which story is more interesting, this one or that one?

 Tom is the taller of the two boys. 汤姆是两个男孩中较高的那个。

 3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词 the,后面可带 in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。

 比较级的用法:

 1)比较级常常用 than 来连接被比较的两个人或事物。

  Eg. Li Lei is taller than Wang Jun.

 Her room is bigger than mine .

 My classmate is fatter than me.

  2)比较级+and +比较级,表示“越来越…”

  The days are getting longer and longer in summer. 3)the+比较级…,the+比较级….表示“越…就越…”

  The harder you work, the better you will learn. 4) the+比较级+of the two 表示“两者中较…的那个人或物”时,在比较级前

  加定冠词 the。

 Eg. He is the taller of the two. 他是两人中较高的那个。

 ◇比较级前可以有一个表示程度的状语,最常见的三大修饰词是:a little,

  much,even。

  My sister is a little taller than me. 姐姐比我高一点。

  Their house is much larger than ours. 他们的房子比我们的大很多。

 ◇比较应在同类事物之间进行。

 误:Your English is better than me.

 正:Your English is better than mine. 你的英语比我的好。

 ◇为避免重复,我们通常用 that, those, one, ones 代替前面出现的名词。

  that 代替可数名词单数和不可数名词,those 代替可数名词复数。one 既可指

 人又可指物,只能代替可数名词。

 E.g. The book on the table is more interesting than that(或 the one)on the sofa.

  桌上的那本书比沙发上的那本要有趣些。

 A box made of steel is stronger than one made of wood.

  钢制的盒子比木制的盒子要坚固些。

 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级规则变化:

  构 成 方 法

 原

 级

 比 较 级 最 高 级

 单音 节词 以及部分双音节词 一般在词尾加-er或-est high short higher shorter

 highest shortest 以字母 e 词尾的词,加-r 或-st late fine later finest

 latest finest 重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-est hot big thin fat hotter bigger thinner fatter hottest biggest thinnest fattest 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先把“y”改为“i”,再加-er 或-est

 funny easy early

 funnier easier earlier

 funniest easiest earliest

 多音节词以及部分双音节词

 在词前加 more 或most beautiful athletic outgoing more beautiful more athletic more outgoing most beautiful most athletic most outgoing

 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:

 原 级 比较级 最高级 good/well better best bad/badly worse worst many/much more most little less least far

 farther(更远)

 further(更深远)

 farthest(最远) furthest(最深远)

 二. 选择 1. He feels _____ today than yesterday.

  A. tired

 B. more tired

 C. more tireder

 D. much tired 2. Of the two toys, the child chose_____.

  A. the expensive one

 B. one most expensive

 C. a least expensive

 D. the most expensive of them 3. The book is ____ of the two.

  A. thinner

 B. the thinner

 C. more thinner

 D. the thinnest 4. She looks _____ than she does.

  A. the more older

 B. very older

 C. much older

 D. more older 5. The garden is becoming ______.

  A. more beautiful and more

  B. more beautiful and beautiful

 C. more and more beautiful

  D. more beautiful and beautifuler

 三. 用括号里所给单词的正确形式填空 1. Tom is __________(tall) than Sam. 2. Pedro is __________(funny) than Paul. 3. Allan is __________(thin) than Peter. 4. Beth is __________(friendly) than Tara. 5. Tara is __________(outgoing) than Tina. 6. Tina is much __________(serious) than Ann. 7. Laura is a little __________(quiet) than her brother. 8. Frank is __________(good) at writing than at reading. 9. Jane is ___________(hard-working) than Judy. 10. Lisa sings ___________(clearly) than Nelly. 11. Molly studies __________(hard) than Mary.

 四.分类

 五.辨析 beat/win

 规则变化 不规则变化 -er/ -ier more

 funny

  friendly

  hard-working

  outgoing

  smart

 early

  high

 short

 many/much

 clearly

  serious

  little

  thin

  bad

 beautiful

  far

 good

  fast

 1.If you serve like this,nobody can ________ you.

 如果你像这样发球,没有人可以击败你。

 2.He didn"t always________the competition.

 他并非在比赛中总是能赢。

 辨析:相同点:都是动词,表示“赢”,其中 beat 译为:打败;win 译为:赢得,获胜。

  不同点: beat+人

 Eg. We played very well, and beat them. 我们发挥得很好,击败了他们。

  win+比赛,竞赛,战争等名词。

  Eg. They won the match this time. 这次他们赢了这场比赛。

 六.make 的用法  make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

  Eg. I think a good friend makes me laugh.我认为好朋友能使我开心。

 Our teacher makes us work ten hours a day.我们老师让我们一天学习 10 个小时。

  make+宾语+形容词: 使某人/某事怎样

 Eg. His words make us happy. 他的话使我们感到很高兴。

 七.laugh 的用法 1. We all ________(笑,大笑)

 loudly when she made a joke.

  她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。

 2. Don’t _________(嘲笑)

 him.

 别嘲笑他。

 3. He gave a cheerful ________(笑声).

  他发出愉快的笑声.

 ①vi.“笑、发笑”(出声的大笑) Eg. She makes you laugh and you love her very much.

 她逗你发笑,你也很喜欢他.

 ②词组:laugh at 嘲笑、因…而笑 Eg. Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽动作。

 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

 n.“笑;笑声” Eg. Dennis has a very loud laugh. 丹尼斯的笑声很响.

  八.both 的用法 They’re both tall.

 译为:

 both: adj./pron./adv. 两个都…… 用在 be 动词后,行为动词前。

 Eg. You are both too young. 你们都很年轻。

 They both speak English. 他们都说英语。

 Both of …..+名词复数(复数谓语)

 Eg. Both of the flowers are beautiful. 两朵花都很漂亮。

 both…and…两者都……(复数谓语)

 Eg. Both Mary and Judy are my friends. 玛丽和朱迪都是我的朋友。

 知识点拓展:

 both 与 all

 both 指代两者:Eg. My parents are both fine。

 我父母都好。

 all 指代三者或三者以上:Eg. We are all here。

 我们都在这儿。

 练习:1. Sam and Joe are ________ tall. 山姆和乔都很高。

  2. The students in the classroom are ________ boys. 在教室里的都是男孩。

 九.though 的用法 _____ he was poor, ______ he was happy.

 虽然他很穷,但他很快乐。

 A. Though, but

  B. Though, /

  C. Although, but

  D. /, /

 ① conj.译为:虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although Eg. Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。

 注意:though 与 but 不能同时存在。

 Eg. Though he was poor,but he was happy.(错误)

 ②adv. 译为:不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。

 Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though.

  十.talented 的用法

  词组:be talented in... 有...的天赋,对...有天赋

  Eg. He is talented in music. 他有音乐天赋。

 翻译:她有做菜的天赋。(做菜:cook)

 ___________________________________________

 十一.as...as 的用法 “...(not)as + 形容词或副词原级+ as...”,意思为“...和...(不) 一样”。

 1)...as + 形容词或副词原形+ as...: 表示双方在某个方面一样。

 Eg. She is as tall as me. 她跟我一样高。

  I run as fast as he does. 我跑得跟他一样快。

 2)...not as + 形容词或副词原形+ as...: 表示一方在某一方面不如另一方。

 Eg. His English is not as good as hers. 他英语不如她的好。

  He doesn’t work as hard as his brother. 他没有他哥哥工作努力。

 十二.be the same as… 和 和 be different from… be the same as… “和……一样”。

 Eg. My friend is the same as me.我的朋友和我一样。

 反义词组:be different from…“ 与.......不同的”

 Eg. My bike is different from yours. 我的自行车和你的不同。

 My bike is different from yours.

 (用 the same as 表述)

 ______________________________________________

 知识拓展:

 be similar to...意为“与......相似”。(注意与 be the same as 区别) Eg. My pen is similar to yours. 我的钢笔和你的相似。

  翻译:我的包和你的相同。

 ________________________________

  我的包和你的相似。

 ________________________________

 十三.句型:It’s+adj.+to do sth. Eg. It’s not necessary to be the same.完全一样是没有必要的。

 解析:

 It’s+adj.+to do sth. 其中 It 是形式主语,to do sth.是真正主语。

 译一译:

 1.学习英语很有必要。

  It is _________ to _________ English.

 2.读书很重要。

  ______________________________________

 十四. 反意疑问句

 概念:

 反义疑问句即附加疑问句。它表示提问人的看法,没有把握,需要对方证实。(所以本质上概念:反义疑问句即附加疑问句。它表示提问人的看法,没有把握,需要对方证实。(所以本质上反义疑问句也是问句,并且回答和一般疑问句相似,即用 yes/no 回答)

 速记方法:前肯后否,前否后肯;前 be 后 be,前无 be 后助,时态一致。

  反义疑问句由两部分组成:前一部分是一个陈述句,后一部分是一个简短的疑问句,两部分的人称时态应保持一致。

 1.陈述部分肯定式+疑问部分否定式 Eg. They work hard, don’t they?

  She was ill yesterday, wasn’t she? 2.陈述部分否定式+疑问部分肯定式 Eg. You didn’t go, did you?

  He can’t ride a bike, can he?

  请注意以下句型的反义疑问句的用法:

  1.当陈述部分的主语是 I ,后面的疑问句用:aren"t I?

 Eg. I am a student, aren’t I ? 2. 陈述句如果是 there be 结构时,疑问部分仍用 there。

 Eg. There once was a man named Saint Nicholas, wasn"t there? 3. 陈述部分的主语是 this, that 时,疑问部分的主语多用 it;陈述部分的主语是 these, those时,疑问部分的主语多用 they。

 Eg. This is a dictionary, isn"t it?

  Those are shelves, aren"t they?

 4. 陈述句中含有 no,never,few,little, seldom,hardly 等具有否定意义的词时,疑问部分常用肯定形式。

 Eg. Tom has never been to England, has he?

  He can hardly swim, can he?

  There are few apples in the basket, are there? 但陈述句中如果有否定意义的前缀和后缀的单词时,整个句子仍视为肯定句,反意疑问部分多用否定形式。

 Eg. She is unhappy, isn"t she?

 5.当陈述部分是 I think 加从句时,疑问句应和从句的人称时态保持一致。

 Eg. I think chickens can swim, can’t they?

 I think Lucy is a good girl, isn’t she?

 I didn"t think he was happy, was he? 6. 陈述句的主语是 nobody,everyone,somebody 等指人的不定代词时,反意疑问部分的主语多用 they。

 如果陈述句的主语是 something,nothing,anything,everything 等指物的不定代词时,反意疑问部分的主语多用 it。

 Eg. Nobody says a word about the accident, do they?

  对这个事故没人说什么,是吗?

 Everything seems all right, doesn"t it? 看起来一切顺利,是吗?

  7. 以 let"s 开头的祈使句的反意疑问句部分要用 shall we。

  以 let me 或 let us 开头的祈使句反意疑问部分要用 will you。

 其他行为动词引起的祈使句,反意疑问部分都要用 will you.

 Eg. Let"s go for a walk, shall we?

  Let us go our for a walk, will you?

  Let me tell you the truth, will you?

  Don"t speak, will you? 8.陈述部分有 had better 时,疑问句应用 hadn’t 开头:

 Eg. You’d better get up early, hadn’t you? 9. 陈述部分有情态动词 must,问句有 2 种情况:

  (1) mustn"t 表示“禁止,不可”时,附加问句通常要用 must.

 Eg. You mustn"t stop your car here,must you?你不能把车停在这地方,知道吗?

 (2)must 表示“有必要”时,附加问句通常要用 needn"t.

  Eg. They must finish the work today,needn"t they? 他们今天要完成这工作,是吗?

 反义疑问句的回答用 yes,no, 但是,当陈述部分是否定形式时,回答要按事实。

 Eg. They don’t work hard, do they?

 他们不太努力工作,是吗?

 ---Yes, they do.

 不,他们工作努力。

 ---No, they don’t. 对,他们工作不努力。

 练习:

 1、You"re in Grade two now, _______________? 2、Your father is a worker, _______________? 3、Mary is going to study Chinese, _______________? 4、We"re going to have a meeting this week, _______________? 5、Jack is playing in the garden, _______________? 6、They all look fine, _______________? 7、You like English, _______________? 8、Kate swims the best in her class, _______________? 9、Mike watches TV every day, _______________? 10、They like spring best, _______________?

 11、They won"t have a good time, _______________? 12、He will go to see a film, _______________? 13、She isn"t going to buy a book, _______________? 14、Tom and Mike are watching TV, _______________? 15、You are doing some washing, _______________? 16、Mrs White is cleaning the room, _______________? 17、I had a rest a moment ago, _______________? 18、He was a teacher a year ago, _______________? 19、They wrote letters last Sunday, _______________? 20、Mr Smith made a table last year, _______________?

 21、Don"t open the door, _______________? 22、Let"s go to school, _______________? 23、Listen to me, _______________? 24、There"s little water in the rive, _______________?

 25、The little girl can hardly read, _______________? 26、He has never been to Japan, _______________? 27、The students borrowed few English books from the library, _______________? 28、Kate made few mistakes in the exam, _______________?

 Unit 4. What’s the best movie theater? 一、单元重点内容:形容词或副词的最高级 1.写下下列形容词或副词的最高级 big_____________

  comfortable_____________

  hot________________ thin_____________

 expensive_________________

  badly_____________ bad___________

  friendly______________

  heavy_____________ good___________

 形容词或副词的最高级用法:

 1. 最高级用于三者或三者以上的人或事物的比较,最高级前一般加定冠词 the, 标志性词有of , in. 如果最高级前有形容词性物主代词 my, her, his, our 等时,去掉 the。

 Eg. Jane is the tallest students in our class.

  He runs the fastest of the three boys.

  She is my best friend in our class. 2. 表示“第几(大,长,…)”时:the+序数词+形容词最高级,the second longest river Eg. The Yangtze River is the first longest river in China.

  练习: 1. Jenny is one of ____________ girls in our school.

  A. creative

 B. the creative

  C. much creative

 D. the most creative 2. Our life is getting ______________now.

  A. good and good

 B. better and better

  C. well and well

  D. more and more 3.

 ___________ all the boys in his class, Tom is the shortest.

 A. In

 B. For

 C. From

 D. Of 4. He is a very ________ student. He does homework ________in our class.

 A. careful, carefully

 B. careful, the most carefully

 C. carefully, careful

 D. the most careful, the most carefully 5. Li Hua studies English very ___ and her English is _______ in her class.

  A. careful, good

 B. carefully, well

 C, careful, best

 D. carefully, the best

 6. Of all the subjects, chemistry seems to be _________ `for me.

  A. difficult

 B. too difficult

 C, more difficult

 D. the most difficult

 7. China is one of _________ countries in the world.

  A. Larger

 B. largest

 C. the largest

 D.the larger 8.Who listens_______ , Tom, Jack or Bill?

 A.the most carefully

 B.more carefully

 C.the most careful

 D.more careful 9. Which is ________season in Beijing?--------------I think it’s autumn.

 A. good

 B. better

 C. best

 D. the best 10. ----Who jumped the _______of all in the long jump ?

  ---- Li Lei did.

 A. longer

 B. longest

 C. farther

 D . farthest 11. Lily the ________ girl _________ her class?

 A. tallest ;of

 B. tallest; in

 C. taller; in

 D. taller; of 12. In our city, it’s _______ in July, but it is even _________ in August.

 A. hotter; hottest

 B. hot; hot

 C. hotter; hot

 D. hot; hotter 13. It seems that American fast food is the most popular ___________ the world.

 A. of

  B. in

  C. at

  D. about 14. Which do you like _________, tea, coffee or milk?

 A. well

 B. better

 C. Best

 D. Good 15. It’s summer now; the weather is getting _________ .

 A. higher and higher B. lower and lower C. hotter and hotter D. colder and colder

  用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

 1. My father is much ____________(busy) than my mother. 2. I think English is _________(interesting) of all the subjects. 3. This hotel has __________(friendly) service in town. 4. I speak English ______________(bad)than he does. 5. Which food do you think is_________(good),Guangdong food, Shanghai food or Sichuan food? 6. English is one of _________subjects at school. (difficult)

 7. Among all the subjects , I like English ______________. (well)

  二、comfortable 的用法:adj. 舒适的 反义词 ___________________, 副词_______________________.

 比较级____________________, 最高级_____________________.

 1. He takes ____________________seat in the theater. (最舒服的) 2. He lives here __________________ .(最舒服地) 3. What he said made everyone feel _____________.

 三、seat 的用法:n. 座位

 短语:take one’s seat 坐下,就坐

 have a seat= sit down

 四、close 的用法

 1) v. 关上

 close the window

  辨析:close , open 以及 turn on , turn off

 close 和 open 是关上或打开没有电的东西

  turn on 和 turn off 是打开或关闭是有电东西

 打开电灯_______________________

 关闭电视_______________________

 打开书本_______________________

 关门_______________________ 2) adj. 接近,靠近,亲密的

  Eg. You are my close friend. 你是我亲密的朋友。

 比较级____________

 最高级_____________

 重点短语:close to...

 靠近...

  Eg. close to home , close to the school

  My uncle stands close to the door. 叔叔站在靠近门的位置。

 五、how do you like ...? 的用法

 译为:你认为...怎么样?

 How do you like …? = What do you think of …?

  练习:-----How do you like the movies?= ________________________________________.

  -----I like it very much.

  六、Thanks for doing sth. 感谢你...

 1)

 Thanks ____________your help.

 2)

 Thanks a lot ______________helping me.

  Unit 7

 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes 1. 语态:

  ① ①英语有两种语态:主动语态和补动语态

 主动语态表示是动作的执行者

  被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者

 Cats

 eat

 fish.

 (主动语态)猫吃鱼。

 Fish

 is eaten

 by cats.

  (被动语态)

 鱼被猫吃。

  ②被动语态的构成

  由“词 助动词 be +及物动词的过去分词” 构成

  助动词 be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与 be 作为连系动词时完全一样。

 时态 被动语态结构 例句 一 般现 在

 时 am are

  + 过去分词 is

 English is spoken in many countries. 一 般过 去

 时 was + 过去分词 were + 过去分词 This bridge was built in 1989. 情 态 动 词 can/should may

 +be+The work must be done right now.

 过去分词 must/…

 ③ ③ 被动语态的用法 当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者,或者只需强调动作的承受者时,要用被动语态。

 。

 2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 (主动语态)如:

  Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。

 be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事 (被动语态)如:

  Lily is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。

 3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞

 让 让/ 使(别人)做某事

  get sth. done ( 过去分词)

 have sth. done ( 过去分词)

 如:I get my car mended. = I have my car mended. 我让别人修好我的车 4. enough 足够

  形容词+enough

 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

  enough +名词 如:enough food 足够食物

 enough to

 足够…去做…

 如:I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。

 5.

 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话。

 stop to do sth. 停止下来去做其他事 Please stop to speak. 请停下来去说话。

 6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth.

 = it seems that + 从句

 He seems to feel very sad.=It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。

 7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系 动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay( 保持), kept 等。除 连系动词除 be 和 和 become 等少数词 可接 名词 作表语外,一般都是接 形容词 。

 。

 如:

  They are very happy.

 He became a doctor (n.)two years ago. She felt very tired.

 8. 倒装句:

 由 由 so +助动词(be/do/will/have)/ 情态动词+主语

 :

 意为:… 也是一样

  She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。

  She went to school just now. So did I . 她刚才去学校了,我也是

  She has finished the work. So have I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。

  She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。

 9. yet 仍然,还

 常用在否定句或疑问句当中 10. stay up 熬夜如:I often stay up until 12:00pm.我经常熬夜到12 点。

 11. clean up 打扫

 整理 如:I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。

 12. 程度副词:

 always 总是 usually 经常 sometimes 有时 never 从不

 如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.

 我总是/经常/有时/从不上学迟到。

 13. 曾经做某事:

 Do you ever get to school late?

 Yes, I do. /No, I don’t.

  Have you ever got to school late?

 Yes, I have. /No, I haven’t. 14. go shopping( 去购物), go fishing( 去钓鱼), go swimming( 去游泳 泳), go boating( 去划船), go hiking( 去登山), go trekking(去 去徒步) 15.

  be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 如:Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。

 be strict in sth. 对某(事)物要求严格 16.

 take the test 参加考试

 pass the test 通过考试

  fail the test

 考试失败 17. the other day 前几天 18. agree 同意

 反义词 disagree 不同意 动词

  agreement 同 同意

 反义词 disagreement 不同意

 名词 18. keep sb/ sth. +形容词

 使某人/ 某物保持…… 如:We

 should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

 19. both…and…+ 动词如:

 Both Jim and Li Ming play basketball. 20. learn (sth.) from sb.

 向某人学习( 什么) 如:

 Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语 21.

  have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事

 have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事

 如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.

  I have a chance of going to Beijing. 22. at present 目前 23. at least 最少

 at most 最多 24. 花费 take ,cost, spend , pay

 sth. take (sb.) time to do sth.

 It took (me) 10days to read the book.

  sth. cost (sb.) …

  The book cost (me) 100yuan.

  sb. spend … on sth.

 She spent 10days on this book.

  sb. spend …doing sth.

 She spent 10days reading this book.

  sb. pay … for sth.

 She paid 10yuan for this book. 25. have + 时间段+off

 放假,休息 如:have 2 days off 26. reply to 答复某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen. 27. agree with sth. 同意某事

 如:I agree with that idea.

 agree to sb.

 同意某人的意见

 如:I agree to LiLei. 28. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍 如:

 Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的学习。

 29. success

 n.

 succeed

 v.

 successful

 adj.

 successfully

 adv.

 30.

  think about 与 与 think of 的区别

 ① ① 当两者译为:

 认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用

  I often think about/ of that day. 我经常想起那天。

 ②think about 还有“ 考虑” 之意 ,think of

 想到、想出时两者不能互用

  At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主

 意。

  We are thinking about going to Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。

 31. 对… 热衷, 对… 兴趣 be serious about doing 如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。

 be serious about sth. 如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。

 32. practice doing 练习做某事

  She often practice speaking English. 33. care about sb. 关心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.

 34. also

 也

  用于句中

 I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

 either 也

  用于否定句且用于句末 I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。

 too

 也

 用于肯定句且用于句末 I am not a student either. 我也不是一个学生。

  Unit12-Life-is-full-of-the-unexpected- 每课时备课重难点归纳

 Unit12 Section A (1a-2d) P89-90 预习及听写内容(纸粘在书上,并用彩色荧光笔在书本上标注)

 一、汉译英 1、出乎意料的;2、背包;3、睡过头(三种形式);4、铃响(三种形式);5、闹钟;6、幸运地(luckily) 二、短语和句子 1、在…以前;2、捎…一程(=give sb a ride);3、发出响声;4、醒来;5、穿上;6、冲出;7、至少;8、把某物忘在…;9、出去(get outside);10、洗淋浴(get in the shower);11、走进(walk into);12、刷牙;13、洗脸;14、充满(=be filled with);15、上课迟到;16、当我到家时我意识到我把钥匙忘在背包里;17、当我起床后,我弟弟已经在洗澡了;18、在我到达公共汽车站时,公共汽车已经开走了;19、在我重返学校时,铃已经响了。[注:leave 把东西忘在什么地方了,强调东西被遗忘的地点;forget 忘记做什么事,强调遗忘的动作] Unit 12 Section A (3a-3c) P91 )

 预习及听写内容(纸粘在书上,并用彩色荧光笔在书本上标注)

 一、汉译英 1、街区;2、工人;3、盯着看;4、不信,怀疑;5、在上面(反义:below);6、燃烧 v.(三种形式);7、燃烧的 adj.;8、活着(反义:dead);9、机场;10、直到=until;11、西方;12、事件;13、提及;14、错过;15、听到(hear-heard-heard);16、上升(rise);17、满的(full);18、出乎意料地(unexpectedly);19、地震;20、假期 二、短语和句子 1、排队(反义:cut in line 插队);2、以…结束;3、世界贸易中心;4、到达;5、刚要做某事;6、上去;7、决定做某事;8、即使;9、凝视(stare at);10、怀疑地(in disbelief);11、跳下床;12、直奔;13、起飞,脱下;14、听说;15、昨天;16、第二天;17、变成;18、心中想;19、我们难以置信地看着燃烧的建筑物升起的黑烟;20、别的飞机也满员了,因此我不得不等到第二天;21、我感到很幸运能活下来;22、我还没有来得及加入外面的人群弄清楚发生了什么事,第一架飞机已经撞上了我的办公室大楼;23、真倒霉!

 Unit 12 Section A ( 语法-4c) P92 预习及听写内容(纸粘在书上,并用彩色荧光笔在书本上标注)

 一、汉译英 1、奶油;2、工作日;3、果馅派;4、露面;5、豆荚;6、市场;7、在某时间点以前;8、面条;9、碗;10、添加;11、忘记(forget-forgot-forgotten);12、老板;13、钢琴课(piano lesson);14、机会(chance);15、电影院 二、短语和句子 1、发送,发出;2、找出,查明;3、收数学作业;4、完成工作;5、语言课程;6、完成做某事;7、其他所有人;8、喂狗;9、冲出;10、进入;11、得到机会做某事;12、我正要去办公室时,我决定先喝一杯咖啡;13、当我和其他的办公室人员排队等候时,我听到了一声巨响;14、在她找到机会道别之前,他走进了大楼。

 Unit 12 Section B (1a-1e) P93 )

 预习及听写内容(纸粘在书上,并用彩色荧光笔在书本上标注)

 一、汉译英 1、愚人;2、服装,装束;3、尴尬的;4、化妆舞会;5、改变;6、邀请(名词:invitation);7、空的(empty) 二、短语和句子 1、穿衣服(get dressed);2、熬夜;3、某人发生某事;4、在愚人节上;5、邀请某人做某事;6、愚人节那天戴维发生了什么事;7、一个朋友邀请他去一个化妆舞会。[注意:1、其他 show词组:展示给某人某物 show sb sth=show sth to sb;带某人参观某处 show sb around sp;2、end 词组:在…之前 by the end of;在…尽头 at the end of;最后 in the end] Unit 12 Section B (2a-2e) P94-95 预习及听写内容(纸粘在书上,并用彩色荧光笔在书本上标注)

 一、汉译英 1、宣布;2、意大利面条;3、骗局;4、发现;5、女士(先生:gentleman);6、军官;7、可相信的;8、消失;9、尴尬的(形容物);10、意大利;11、火星;12、恶作剧(trick);13、介绍(introduction);14、庆祝(动词:celebrate);15、笑话(joke);16、农民(farmer);17、当地的(local);18、超市(supermarket);19、顾客(customer);20、结尾(ending);21、删除(cancel);22、外星人(alien);23、电台节目(radio program);24、地球(earth);25、曾经(once) 二、短语和句子 1、卖光;2、各种各样的;3、互相(each other);4、不再(no more);5、发生(take place);6、尽…所能(as…as sb can);7、全国(across the country);8、减肥;9、超过;10、结束做某事(end up doing sth);11、结婚;12、开某人的玩笑(play jokes on sb=play a trick on sb);13、用光(run out of);14、一张纸;15、很多人跑到当地的超市抢购尽可能多的意大利面条;16、韦尔斯使它听起来如此真实,数以百计的人相信了这个故事,恐惧传遍了整个国家;17、愚人节是一个在世界不同国家都举行的庆祝活动;18、当天结束之前,已经有 1 万多人给电台打电话,询问如何得到这种水;19、等到警官宣布这个故事是一个恶作剧时,已经有数以千计的人离开了他们的家园。

 Unit 12 Section B (3a-Self-Check) P95-96 预习及听写内容(纸粘在书上,并用彩色荧光笔在书本上标注)

 一、汉译英 1、街区;2、课程;3、发现;4、女士;5、军官;6、派;7、市场;8、在…上面 二、短语和句子 1、后来那天;2、洗澡;3、在路中间;4、调头;5、上交作业;6、从学校走到家;7、朝西开;8、我有了一个出乎意料的发展;9、然而,我错过了通向市场的路;10、我是如此高兴以致取消了去商场的计划;11、多么幸运的一天。

 Unit 12 Section B(3a-3b)P95-96 单元主题作文(纸粘在书本 3a 位 位 置上方)

 My lucky day I will always remember the date February 28, 2014. This was the luckiest day of my life. When I woke up that morning, the sky was very dark. I took the early bus as usual. As soon as I arrived at school, it started to rain very heavily. Many students were late and were all wet when they got to school. But I wasn’t because I caught the early bus, I would have been late and wet as well! Later that day, I realized that I had forgotten my wallet and couldn’t buy lunch. I couldn’t believe it. Then my friend Lisa said that she could share her lunch with me. Finally, my older brother told me that night that he could take me to the concert that I’d been dying to attend that weekend. I was so happy! I think that was the best day I’d had in a long time. What a lucky day!

 Unit13-We ’re-trying-to-save-the-earth! 重难点全解 一、重点词汇

  词义辨析:cost/spend/take/pay

  都与“花费”有关,但用法上有区别。

 cost sth. costs (sb.) +money

 spend 1. spend+ time/money on sth. 2. spend +time/money (in) doing sth.

 take It takes (sb.) time +to do sth.

 pay pay (sb.)+money for sth.

  因此,“他们花两年建造这座桥”可以表示为:

  They spend two years on this bridge.

  =They spent two years (in) building this bridge.

  =It took them two years to build this bridge.

  “我花了 2000 块钱买这台电脑”可以表示为:

  I spent 2000 Yuan on the new computer.

  =I spent 2000 Yuan (in) buying the new computer.

  =The new computer cost me 2000 Yuan.

  =I paid 2000 Yuan for the new computer.

  词义辨析:take part in/join/join in/attend

  这些动词或词组均含“参加,加入”之意。

 take part in 常指参加大型比赛或活动。

 join 特指加入党派、团体等;join sb. in (doing) sth. 指“和某人一起做某事”。

 join in 多指参加小规模的活动,如:球赛、游戏等。

 attend 侧重参加或出席会议、学术活动、音乐会、上课等等,着重强调成为其中的听众或观众。

  A lot of college students took part in the movement last year.

 His brother joined the army two years ago.

 May I join in your discussion?

 Hundreds of students attended the lecture given by the famous professor.

  词义辨析:turn 词组

 turn on 打开

 turn off 关上

 turn up 把……调高

 turn down 把……调低

 turn out 原来是,结果是 turn out (to be) +adj./n.

 turn around 转身

 turn back 返回

 turn to 翻到……;求助于……

 turn into 将……转变为……;译成……

 turn over 翻转

 The experiment turned out to be a success.

  I turned around to see who was calling me.

 Please turn to Page 10.

  I have turned into a woman with strong will.

  She turned over and fell to sleep.

  afford to do sth. :买得起…… ,足够支付……

  We can’t afford to pay such a high price.

  be harmful to :对…… 有害

  Staying up often is harmful to your health.

  拓展:

  1. harm:n. 害处

 2. do harm to:对……有害

  at the top of :在…… 顶端

  There was not enough oxygen at the top of the mountain.

  He shouted at the top of his voice in order to be heard.

  拓展:反义词

  at the bottom of:在……的底端

  take action :采取行动

  The police had to take action to deal with the riots.

  throw away :扔掉;错过(机会等)

  Many people throw away cigarette ends carelessly.

 Don’t throw away this opportunity.

  拓展:

 1. throw at:扔向……

 2. throw about:到处扔

  put sth. to good use :好好利用某物

  If you focus your mind on the task, your talents can be put to good use.

  pull…down :拆毁

  They are going to pull down the old building and replace it with a new shopping mall.

 upside down :上下颠倒

  The lid, turned upside down, served as a coffee table.

  bring back :归还;使想起

  Your article brought back sad memories for me.

  拓展:bring 词组

  1. bring up:抚养长大

 2. bring in:引进

  3. bring forward:提出

 4. bring about:带来,造成

  一词多义:work

 n. 工作;(音乐、艺术)作品;工厂

 v. 工作

  He has much work to do.

  他有很多工作要做。(做“工作”讲,为不可数名词)

  The man gained his wealth by printing works of famous writers.(做“作品”讲,为可数名词,但常用复数)

  The glass works is/are near the station.(做“工厂”讲,只用复数形式,但谓语动词单复均可)

  拓展:

  英语中有些名词,单复数形式意义有差别。

  manner 方式,方法

  manners 礼貌,礼仪

  arm

 胳膊

  arms 武器

  water 水

  waters 海水,水域

  wood 木头

 woods 森林

  识记词汇

 fisherman

 n. 渔夫

 coal

 n. 煤

 wooden

 adj. 木制的

  takeaway

 n. 外卖食物

  chain

 n. 链条

 the food chain 食物链

  ecosystem

 n. 生态系统

  law

 n. 法律

 scientific

 adj. 科学的

  transportation

 n. 交通

  napkin

 n. 餐巾纸

  gate

 n. 大门

  president

 n. 总统,主席,负责人

  metal

 n. 金属 二、重点句型

  Other advantages of bike riding are that it’s good for health and it doesn’t cost

 anything.

  解析:本句的主干是 Other advantages of bike riding are…;that it’s good for health…anything 是由 that 引导的 表语从句;其中 it’s good for health 和 it doesn’t cost anything 是骑自行车的两个优势。

  But do you realize that you’re killing a whole shark each time you enjoy a bowl of

 shark’s fin soup?

  解析:本句的主干是 do you realize…?;that you’re killing a whole shark 是 realize 的宾语从句;each time you

 enjoy a bowl of shark’s fin soup 是时间状语从句。

  出题建议:确定好题型后,在关键词中输入:each time。

  Many believe that sharks can never be endangered because they are the strongest in

 their food chain.

  解析:本句的主干是 Many believe…;that sharks can never be endangered 是 believe 的宾语从句;because

 they are the strongest in their food chain 是由 because 引导的原因状语从句。

  Not only can the art bring happiness to others, but it also shows that even cold, hard

 iron can be brought back to life with a little creativity.

  解析:本句的主干是 Not only can the art bring happiness to others, but it also shows,主干是由 not only…but

 also…连接的并列句;that even cold, hard iron can be brought back to life with a little creativity 是 shows 的宾语从句。

 Unit13 We’re trying to save the earth! 时 第一课时 SectionA 1a-2d 自学自查:Ⅰ.写出下列单词及短语:

 1.垃圾_______________________

 2..在……底部__________________

 3.充满____________

  4.曾经做某事_________________

 5.在……其作用_______________

 6.打扫_________ 7.许多黑烟__________________

  8.把……变成……_______________

 9.消减____________

  10.代替____________

 11.优点___________

  12.木质筷子_________________

 13.塑料勺子________________

 14.外带食物_________________

 15.有影响______________

 16.导致_____

 Ⅱ.用括号里单词正确形式填空。

 1.There are some __________,including _______...

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